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Jumping Up (or... How to Properly Greet People!)
Most jumping up happens when you are greeting your dog. Be aware that a large part of the reward for the dog is the attention he receives from the person. Just about ANY reaction (shoving, yelling, pushing, etc.) is attention and therefore reinforcing. It is best to ignore the behavior as much as possible - make it STOP WORKING as an attention getter!
Also, realize that the excitement of the greeting is what sets off many dogs. So, do your best to keep your greeting behavior as low key & quiet as possible. Consider ignoring your dog when you first enter the house (unless he's in urgent need of a potty break, of course). Greet any other human family members first, and ignore the frantic, jumping dog until he settles down. Even then, keep your greeting calm.
You will likely find that you can make a lot of progress teaching your dog not to jump on members of your family, but that greeting visitors is much more of a challenge. The advice below should be helpful for that:
1. First, until your dog is reliably sitting or standing when greeting people, tell everyone to just turn aside when he jumps up, and then to walk away. They must be sure to give the dog NO ATTENTION for that behavior any more.
2. Have as many people as you can help out by coming in the door to greet him (with treats if you like).
3. You should have your dog on a leash and be ready with plenty of excellent treats. Signal him to Sit, and help him to stay there by slowly feeding him the treats as the people are coming in.
4. The people (coming in only one at a time) should quietly greet him, and gently pet/give treats as long as he remains sitting. If he jumps up, then they should turn away, ignoring him until you let them know that he has all four paws back on the ground & has settled. Having the people crouch to quietly greet him will help a lot!
5. The more people you can get to help, and the more times you can practice it, the better. You want your dog to learn that jumping up no longer works to get attention. Rather, keeping his paws on the ground now does work!
6. The key to all this is really consistency. If sometimes the dog jumps up & is allowed then he will learn that is okay to do so and will only be confused. Remember, ANY response other than ignoring him is attention, which is reinforcing even if negative. The hard part is usually getting all family members to play along.
7. When you have company over with whom you really can't work on this, then do not let them in until you have the dog under control. Either on leash (and you have some treats to reinforce him for not jumping) or simply outside or in his crate with a pig ear or juicy bone. As with everything else, if you allow the behavior to happen (for whatever reason), then you are actually teaching him that it's acceptaple. So, if you can't train, then do what you have to do to avoid the situation.
Mary Woodward & Susan Greenholt
last updated 03/01/09
copyright © 2002 Mary Woodward